Chapter 7

St. Francis Prep.

Nutrition - Mrs. Turner



-amino acid

-essential amino acid

-vegetarian eating

-pesce vegetarian

-semi vegetarian

-lacto-ovo vegetarian




{200 times as sweet as sugar)

  • 4 calories per gram/approved in 1981

-aspertame sensitive (PKU-phenylketonuria) in born error of metabolism that results in brain damage if too much is consumed

-shortage of protein in the diet

-protein-energy malnutrition{PEM)



-fatty liver

excess of protein

-additional body fat if total calories consumes exceeds calories needed (high protein foods are often high fat)


 -calcium lost

 -RDA for protein

125 lbs.
= 57 kgs.

57kgs. x .8 or .9 = 46grams or 51 grams daily

-calculate your RDA for protein below


Name____________________________________________ Sheet 5.1


The vegetarian diet has recently become popular in the United States Some people think that it is a new kind of diet. but it is one of the oldest diets around. In early times. a great emphasis was placed on plant foods in the diet. The early Romans' diet relied mainly on dark breads. thick soups, turnips. beans, olives, and figs.

Many of the world's religious groups throughout history have encouraged a vegetarian diet because of a
deep respect for anima! life. Today, the Seventh-Day Adventists in this country encourage vegetarian diets.

In the 1800s in this country some people tried to use vegetarian diets for medical purposes. Dr. J. H. Kellogg, director of the Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan, tried unsuccessfully to use a vegetarian diet, along with other therapies, to cure diseases such as tuberculosis and arthritis.

No matter what the reason, many people choose to follow vegetarian diets. There are three main types of vegetarian diets and these are illustrated below.


The strictest vegetarian diet is called a "pure" vegetarian. or a vegan diet. A vegan diet consists of fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, nuts, and seeds. There are no animal products included in a vegan diet.

Another type of vegetarian diet is called a facto vegetarian diet. This diet includes foods from a vegan diet plus milk and milk products (/CJcto means" milk").

The third type of vegetarian diet is an ovo/acto vegetarian diet. This diet inCludes foods from a lacto vegetarian diet, plus eggs (ovo means "egg").

Name__________________________________________ Sheet 5-2


Now let us look at how to plan a vegetarian diet. People who eat meat and people who do not still need the same nutrients. People who eat meat can use the "Daily Food Guide" to help plan their diet so that the'i can get alt the nutrients they need. People who do not eat meat can use an adapted version of the "Daily FoodGuide" and get all the nutrients they need.

The "Vegetarian's Daily Food Guide" is similar to the regular version. The only difference is that the Meat-Poultry-Fish-Beans group is replaced with the Eggs-Beans-Nuts-Seeds group. This group consists of all the foods that are considered meat alternates. These meat alternates include dried beans, dried peas, lentils. eggs, nuts, seeds, and peanut butter. Since these foods are good sources of protein, iron, and the B vitamins. ~~ , they can replace meat in the diet. One thing to remember: these protein foods should be eaten along with foods from the Bread-Cereal group. If eaten together, these foods meet protein needs better than if eaten alone.

Many people worry that they will not get enough protein if they do not eat meat. But, in reality, most Americans eat more protein than they need because they eat more meat than they need. Protein is found in almost all foods. When you add them all together, you will find that you have eaten a lot of protein without even realizing it!

Protein in plant foods is a little different from protein in animal foods. All protein is made up of amino acids (building blocks). Animal foods have all of the amino acids in the proper amounts in order for you to be able to build body protein. Plant foods have most of the same amino acids, but not in the proper amounts. If you eat certain