St. Francis Prep.
Nutrition - Mrs. Turner
Explain the following terms--sugar free
-no added sugar
1 gram of carbohydrates = 4 calories
sugar substitutes (nutrasweet, saccharin, splenda)
sugar alcohols (maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol)
digestion - absorption does not take long (mouth & small intestine)
functions of dietary fiber-
-explain how diet may play a role in decreasing cancer and heart disease
-explain how fiber may interfere with absorption of nutrients
-recommended intake of dietary fiber
Getting the Scoop on
by Cindy Maynard, M.S., R.D.
When it comes to sugar , most of us operate on three taste preferences: sweet, sweeter, sweetest. What is all this added sugar doing to us? Have we developed an addiction to sweetness? Some argue that the yummy stuff is the catalyst that makes life pleasurable. A meal is not finished without it.Critics say it represents empty calories and is responsible for a host of medical woes, including obesity, tooth decay, hyperactivity, and diabetes. What is the truth? To find out, let's take a look at what sugar is, how the body uses it, and the latest news in medical research.But first, see how well you can separate sugar myths fromrealities:
Test Your Sugar Sense:
1. What is a slang word for sweetheart, a word used as a term of endearment?2. Which contains a greater percentage of sugar: catsup or ice cream?3. Honey and brown sugar are more nutritious than table sugar: True or False?4. A "fruit-juice-sweetened" cookie is less apt to contribute to tooth decay than a cookie sweetened with refined white sugar: True or False?5. The food that sticks to the teeth the longest is:a. a handful of raisinsb. a chocolate-caramel barc. crackers6. Sugarless gum won't hurt your teeth, but it won't help, either: True or false?7. If a person eats too much sugar, he or she will get diabetes: True or False?8. The average 12-oz can of cola contains about 9 teaspoons of sugar in the form of high-fructose corn syrup: True or False?
How Sweet It IsAmericans consume the equivalent of 20 to 30 teaspoons of sugar a day or about 100 to 128 pounds a year. Half of that comes from hidden sources such as crackers, bottled salad dressings, soy sauce, packaged side dishes, peanut butter, and sweetened cereals. The other half comes from the sugar bowl.
Sugar, Sugar, Everywhere
Chemically, all sugars are pretty much created equal. They are carbohydrates that function as ' the primary energy source for our bodies. Carbohydrate foods are classified as simple or complex carbohydrates mono and disaccharides are grouped together as "simple," and polysaccharides are "complex." Simple sugars-such as table sugar, jams, jellies, and honey-deliver energy to the body quicker because they can be broken down easier than polysaccharides.
Complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides), on the other hand, are made up of hundreds or thousands of linked monosaccharides and come from plants such as grains, rice, corn, vegetables, fruits, beans, and cereals. Complex carbohydrates are a concentrated calorie source and are broken down into simple sugars for energy. (See "Sugar, Sugar Everywhere," page 22.)
All sugars are carbohydrates and provide 4 calories per gram. So, what's the difference? Nutrition. Complex carbohydrates supply vitamins, minerals, and fiber you can't get elsewhere. Refined sugars supply energy (calories), but no nutrients e