Chapter 1

St. Francis Prep.

Mrs. Turner - Nutrition


Chapter One


Define the following terms:

malnutrition-

 
undernutrition -

 

overnutrition -

 

multifactoral-

risk factor-

 

hypothesis-

 

epidemiological studies-

 

control group- 

placebo-

 

double blind study-

 

single blind study-

 

anectodal report-

 

 

 


 



Sheet 3-1


Name______________________________

FOODS I EAT


Directions: Write your own food associations by filling in each category below.


Foods that have some emotional meaning to me:


Foods that my ancestors ate and that my family still eats:


Foods I eat because of social traditions:


Foods I eat or avoid because of religious beliefs:


Foods I eat because they are plentiful where I live:


Foods I eat because of my family customs:


Foods I eat because of my life style:


Foods I eat that originated in another country:


Foods I eat with friends:


Foods that my family (friends) like, but that I do not care for (or vice versa):


Foods I eat for other reasons (specify):

 

 


Sheet 3-3


Name____________________________

SURVEY: HOW FOOD PATTERNS DEVELOP


Directions: List below the eight factors that influence our individual eating patterns. Next to each factor, give at least one example of how that factor has influenced your eating patterns.

 

FACTORS
EXAMPLES

1.

 

 

2.

 

 

3.

 

 

4.

 

 

5.

 

 

6.

 

 

7.

 

 

8.

 

 



What happens when internal factors or external factors fail to regulate food intake according to physical needs? When food intake regulation breaks down, individuals will become overweight or underweight and are at risk of developing other health problems. For example, being underweight may increase an individual's susceptibility to infection. On the other hand, consumption of calories in excess of body needs over a long period of time will result in obesity. Excess body fat seriously affects the organs and systems of the body. Associated with obesity are decreased life expectancy, kidney problems, heart disease, gall bladder disease, increased blood pressure, diabetes, and arthritis. Oftentimes the cause of obesity cannot be explained by a physical problem such as an underactive thyroid condition. To achieve and maintain a desirable body weight, most overweight people may need to exert greater control over the external factors that influence their food intake. A heightened sensitivity to these cues may help to avoid future weight problems.  



Sheet 4-1


Name______________________

EATING UNDER THE INFLUENCE


When you feel hunger, your body is telling you to eat because it needs nutrients. There are many theories that attempt to explain how internal body processes regulate hunger and food intake. Sometimes you eat because you are influenced by external factors, or cues, in the environment such as the time of day, food availability, the taste of food, social gatherings, the sight and smell of food, and food as an emotional outlet.


Directions: Record below each food and beverage you consume in one 24-hour period. Write down the time at which you consumed the food. For the column labeled "Factor":

  • Write I if the intake of food was primarily influenced by hunger (internal factor).
  • Write E if the intake of food was primarily influenced by an external factor.
  • Write C if a combination of internal and external factors influenced your eating.
    Continue your record on the back of this sheet if necessary. When the sheet is complete, do the calculations at
    the bottom of the page.
Time
Food
Factor
Time
Food
Factor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         
  1. What percentage of food intake was regulated primarily by hunger or by other internal factors? (Number of I items + total number of factors) x 100% = %
  2. What percentage of food intake was regulated primarily by external factors?
    (Number of E items + total number of factors) X 100% = %
  3. What percentage of food intake was regulated by a combination of factors?
    (Number of C items + total number of factors) x 100% = %