Golf Terms

In the first quarter, we will be covering Golf. We will start with basic elements such as putting and terminology. Our goal in this unit will be to progress to using different types of clubs such as irons and woods. We will also learn about the game and how physics affects the game of golf. You will be required to know what the different clubs are and how they are used in a game of golf. You will also be required to know how to keep score. A written exam will be given at the end of the quarter. If possible, we may go on a field trip after school to a driving range if possible.

Golf Terms


  1. Stroke - Act of hitting the golf ball.
  2. Birdie - One under par for the hole.
  3. Bogey - One over par for the hole.
  4. Double Bogey - Two shots over par for the hole.
  5. Eagle - To score two under par for a hole.
  6. Par - The number of shots a low handicapper should take for a hole or round. Par for a hole is measured by the number of shots needed to reach the green plus two for putting. Par for a round is calculated by adding of the hole's pars together.
  7. Double Bogey - Three shots over par for the hole.
  8. Hole in One - The ball goes straight into the hole from the tee shot.


  1. Chip - hitting the ball into the air with enough flight to land on the green and roll across the green toward the hole.
  2. Putt - Act of hitting a golf ball towards the hole on the green.
  3. Pitch - The ball is hit high into the air onto the green using a lofted club.


  1. Head - The end of the club that includes the club face.
  2. Heel - Where the club head is attached to the shaft.
  3. Shaft - The part of the club between the head and the grip.
  4. Grip - The part of the club where you hold it.
  5. Face - Area where golfball is struck.
  6. Loft - Angle at which the face is positioned. The greater the loft, the higher the ball will be struck.
  7. Tee - A small peg stuck into the ground on which a golf ball is placed. Also, the area where golfers play the first stroke of any given hole.
  8. Driver - Also referred to as the 1 Wood. This club is used to drive the ball long distances from the tee.
  9. Fairway Wood - Longest clubs which allow for the golf ball to travel the longest distance. Usually used when the player needs to hit the ball a longer distance from the fairway. Sets can contain 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 Woods, but usually only have three or four including the Driver.
  10. Irons - Shorter clubs which allow for the ball to travel higher but shorter distances. Usually used when a player needs to elevate the ball but not to send the ball long distances. Sets can contain 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 Irons. The higher the number, the greater the loft.
  11. Pitching Wedge - A club with greater loft than a 9 Iron used to send the ball onto the green when you are positioned less than 130 yards away.
  12. Sand Wedge - A club with greater loft than a pitching wedge designed to hit the ball out of a sand hazard. However, the sand wedge CANNOT touch the area around the golf ball before the ball is struck or else a one stroke penalty is added.