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Welcome to Volleyball!!!

Volleyball Notes

Volleyball is a great sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms, or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. Each team is allowed three hits to get the ball over the net to the other team. 

Volleyball can be a very active sport that can be an excellent source for aerobic exercise. It also helps players improve their hand-eye coordination and the ability to override the instinctive desire to dodge a fast-moving object such as a ball.


When the ball contacts the floor within the court boundaries or an error is made, the team that did not make the error is awarded a point, whether they served the ball or not. The team that won the point is awarded the right to serve for the next point. If the team that won the point served in the previous point, the same player serves again.

In other words, a point is scored if the ball hits the ground in the opponents' court, if the opponents commit a fault, or if the opponents fail to return the ball properly.  A point is scored on every play.  

In a regulation game, a team wins by 2 points if its a tie.


If your team scored a point and did not serve the ball, your team must rotate positions on the court before serving the ball over the net.  Your team rotates in a clock-wise direction.  

Court Set Up

In a regulation game of volleyball, there are 6 players on the court (3 in the front row, 3 in the  back row).   In our class, we play with 7 or 8 on the court (3 in the front row, 2 in the middle row, and 2 or 3 in the back row).  The team should be shaped like an hour glass.


1) Team is trying to hit the ball over the net onto the opponents side and hit the floor within the boundaries.

2) If the ball hits the line, it is considered in.

3) If the serve hits the top of the net, and then goes over, it is considered good.

4) A player can not contact the ball more than one time.  In other words, you can’t touch the ball two or more times in a row or consecutively.  

5)  A team has to send the ball over in no more than 3 hits.

6)  A player must serve from behind the back boundary line.  

7)  If the ball is played, hits the ceiling and comes back down on the same side, the team that hit it, can continue to play the ball until 3 hits has been reached.

8)  However, if the ball is played, hits the ceiling and is sent over the net to the opponents side, the ball is considered no good.  The opponent gets the ball.

9) If a player on your team hits the ball (not on the 3rd touch), and the ball is sent out of bounds, another player from the team can move out of bounds to continue to play the ball.

10) When passing the ball, your hands must be closed.  If not, and you touch the ball with open hands, it is considered a carry.

11)  Ball can touch the net, your body can not.

12)  The ball is playable off the net.

13)  Your body can not cross the line under the net.

14) The ideal hitting sequence is: Bump, Set, Spiike

15) No player is allowed to spike the ball on a serve.


You have learned four basic skills: Serve, Bump, Set, and Spike. 

Serve - Underhand and Overhand Serve: refers to whether the player strikes the ball from below, at waist level, or first tosses the ball in the air and then hits it above shoulder level.

*Both serves are performed behind the back line.

  •  Underhand serve is considered very easy to receive and very easy to perform. The ball is held with the non-dominant hand below waist level in front of the back foot.  The dominant hand swings forward in a pendulum-like motion (tick-tock).  You should contact the ball at its center with the heel or your hand which is fisted.  You should follow through to the top of the net.  Make sure your front foot is facing the direction you want the ball to go.  The ball is hit out of your hand, the ball should never be tossed first.  If you are right-handed, your left foot should be forward and if you are left-handed, your right foot should be forward.
  •  Setting up for an overhand serve. A player stands behind the endline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's court. His or her main objective is to make it land inside the court; it is also desirable to set the ball's direction, speed and acceleration so that it becomes difficult for the receiver to handle it properly.   You must toss the ball in the air before performing the overhand serve.  The ball is contacted through its center above the shoulder.  The hand is open and you should use the lower part of your palm to hit the ball. 
  •  A serve is called an "ace" when the ball lands directly onto the court or travels outside the court after being touched by an opponent.

Bump (Forearm Pass)

One of the hardest skills to develop in the game of volleyball.  The bump is used to pass the ball to a teammate or used to receive a serve.  The volleyball contacts both of your forearms from a serve or pass that is below the chest.  The ball should never touch your thumbs.  You should keep your arms straight and together with the hands interlocked.  One foot should be in front of the other and your knees should be bent.  After you contact the ball, you straighten your knees with little movement from the arms.  

Set (Over head Pass)

The set is usually the second contact that a teammate makes with the ball. The main goal of setting is to put the ball in the air in such a way that it can be driven by an attack into the opponent's court called the spike. You use the set when the ball is above the chest and shoulders and can also be used as a pass or to send the ball over the net.  

To perform the set, you should make contact with the ball using your fingerpads.  One foot is in front of the other, elbows are out, arms above head, forming a “window” with the hands.  Upon contact with the ball, you should straighten your legs and arms for power sending the ball up in the air.    


The spike is usually, the move used on the third touch or hit.  By using the spike, the opponents would have a hard time playing the ball or returning it.  The spike is a powerful hit that a player uses to send the ball over the net straight down to the ground.  The spike is the preferred method of sending the ball over the net (strategically) rather than the bump or set.  

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