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5/9 Update: Final Exam Outline

Final Exam Information and Outline

Wednesday, May 15 (Day 5) 

There is a European History AP Exam that day, so if you are taking ?the exam that day then please let me know so we can find a time for ?your final.


Philosophy

- What philosophy is and why it is important to study

Objectivism and Subjectivism

- Definition of both positions

- Implications of how following one of the theories could affect a ?person's views on love and beauty   


Love

- Plato, Montaigne, CS Lewis' theories on love


Epistemology - the study of knowledge and how we come to know information.

- Empiricism, Pragmatism, Rationalism


Deductive reasoning vs Inductive reasoning


Ethical Philosophies

- Humanism, Skepticism, Hedonism, Stoicism, Immanuel Kant and the Categorical Imperative

- Socrates and Aristotle's positions on ethics


Christian Ethical Philosophies

- Teleology (Consequentialism), Deontology, Virtue Ethics

- The Trolley Problem 

Existence of Evil

- Christian teaching on evil from the Article the Problem of Evil

- Views of evil and hell from John Milton's Paradise Lost and Dante's Divine Comedy

- St. Augustine's views on evil and how it differs from the traditional 2 reasons of evil: 1) Ignorance and 2) Compulsion

St. Augustine's 3 stages of evil that lead to what he calls "The Great Choice"

* Also make sure you know the two articles we read called “Taking up your Cross” and “The Problem of Evil” which explain the Christian ideas on suffering.

Ontological Question: Does God exist

- Religious Skepticism theory on why God doesn't exist

- St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas positions for the existence of God.

- Schleiermacher's absolute dependence position on why God exists.

- Near Death Experience Article.  What happened to Dr. Alexander and how did it change his perspective?

- Plato's Cave Theory: What is the point that this theory is trying to make?

Eastern Philosophy

- Understand the general differences in focus between Eastern and ?Western philosophies.

Buddhism

- Understand the four noble truths and the goal of the Eightfold Path.  (You do not need to memorize the Eightfold Path.

- Understand Buddhist teachings on suffering

- Vocab: Nirvana, Buddha-nature, interconnectedness, ?impermanence, Karma 

Confucianism

- Know the main teachings

- Vocab: filial piety and meritocracy.

Daoism

Know the main teachings

- Understand the Doctrine of inaction

Social Philosophy:

 - Justice: Formal, Justice as merit, Egalitarianism, Utilitarianism



5/7 Homework Update: Our next homework assignment called "Social Philosophy Assignment" in our files section will be due in class on Monday, May 13.  The assignment should be hand written or typed out for Monday.


5/3 Update: Our next quiz on the Eastern Philosophies we have studied will be on the following days:

D Period - Thursday, May 9;              G Period - Friday, May 10

Here is the outline for the quiz:

- Understand the general differences in focus between Eastern and Western philosophies.

Buddhism

- Understand the four noble truths and the goal of the Eightfold Path.  (You do not need to memorize the Eightfold Path.

- Understand Buddhist teachings on suffering and what causes this ?in life.

- Know that Buddhism says to choose one spiritual path to commit to and to stick with that path.

- Know the following terms: Nirvana, Buddha-nature, interconnectedness, impermanence, Karma 

Confucianism

- Know the basic teachings on what human beings need in order to live good moral lives and the importance of virtue.

- Understand Confucian teaching on the five relationships being ?central to good living.

- Understand the importance of rituals and ceremonies.

- Confucian teaching on filial piety and meritocracy.

Daoism

- Encourages the virtues of moderation and balance.

- It teaches the importance to recognize the connection between ?the mind and body.  You need to have time for physical exercise and meditation.

- Emphasizes unity with nature and living simply.

- Suffering is caused when people struggle against their ?circumstances.

- Understand the Doctrine of inaction


5/1 Final Exam Update: Our final exam will be taken in class on Wednesday, May 15.  I will post an outline soon of topics and information you need to know for the test.  If you know that you are not going to be in school that day or have an AP Exam, YOU MUST LET ME KNOW BEFOREHAND so you can take the test on a different day.


4/10 Test Update: We will be having our next test on evil and the existence of God next week on the following days: D Period - Monday, April 15;           G Period - Tuesday, April 16

Here is an outline of what you should know for the test

Philosophy Test on Evil and Existence of God Outline

Existence of Evil

- Christian teaching on evil from the Article the Problem of Evil

- Views of evil and hell from John Milton's Paradise Lost and Dante's Divine Comedy

- St. Augustine's views on evil and how it differs from the traditional 2 reasons of evil: 1) Ignorance and 2) Compulsion

- Augustine's 3 causes of evil and the three stages that lead to the "Great Choice."

The Ontological Argument: The question of the existence of God

- Know the evidence against the existence of God (Atheistic position)

- Religious skepticism theory.

- Evidence for the existence of God: St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas' contributions.

- Pascal Wager Theory

- Schleiermacher's explanation for the existence of God

Near Death Experience Article

- Know why Dr. Alexander's case was unique

- Know the main messages he took away from his experience and how it changed his life.

- Castle metaphor showing how people resist change with scientific theories.

Taking Up Your Cross Article

- Know the answers to the assignment


4/9 HW Update: Our next assignment called "Essay on Suffering or the Existence of God" in our files section will be due next week on Wednesday, April 17.  The essay should be typed and handed in to me in class on the due date.


4/5 HW Update: Our next assignment called "Near Death Experience Article Questions" can be found in our files section.  The assignment will be due on the following days:

D Period - Monday, April 8;   G Period - Wednesday, April 10

4/1 HW Update: Our next homework assignment called "Taking Up Your Cross Article" will be due in class on the following days: D Period: Thursday, April 4; G Period: Friday, April 5.  The article will be handed out to you in class.  The questions should be handed in on the due date.


3/27 HW Update: The directions for our next assignment called "Heaven and Hell Assignment" are listed here below.  Please have the assignment completed by the following days: 

D Period: Wednesday, April 3.

G Period: Monday, April 8.

Heaven and Hell Assignment

Directions: We have looked at a number of different ideas about evil and hell from Christian tradition.  On a sheet of paper, I want you to draw or write about and describe two scenes.  First, draw your personal version of what evil/hell is.  Next, draw what your personal version of goodness/heaven is.  

After you complete your drawing or description please answer the following questions:

1) Describe the scene you drew about your version of evil/hell.  Why do you think this what evil is about?

2) Describe the scene you drew about your version of goodness/heaven.  Why do you think this is what goodness is about?

3) What is an idea about evil from Christian tradition that you either agree with or disagree with?  Why do you feel this way?

4) What do you think is so attractive about evil that really draws people to it?

5) What do you think is the solution to the problem of evil?  ?Although we will probably never get rid of evil altogether, what ?can people do to reduce evil in the world?

 

3/13 Test Update: We will be having our next test on ethics next week on Thursday, March 21 or Friday, March 22.  Below is an outline of topics you should know for the test.

Philosophy Test Update: We will be having our next exam on the following days:

D Period: Thursday, March 21; G Period: Friday, March 22.  Below is an outline for the test.

Ethics Test Outline

Ship Dilemma – What is the dilemma raising questions about?

Being a person:

- John Locke’s definition

- Dictionary meaning

- Why does it matter to consider someone or something a person?


Ethics

Know the difference between the two:

Ethics – Literally means “habit or custom” in Greek.  It’s the field of philosophy that studies how people can live a good and happy life 

Meta- ethics – subfield of ethics that studies what does it mean to be right


Contributions of the Greek Philosophers:

Socrates – Knowledge based approach toward ethics

Aristotle – Virtue Ethics Theory


Christian Ethical Philosophies

- Consequentialism (Teleology)

- Deontology

- The Trolley Problem and how these different theories apply to the example 

 

Alternative Ethical Philosophies - Use the file called Ethical Philosophy Notes and our HW to help you study for the test

For each of the following philosophies, make sure you can identify the following:

The main principle of each philosophy

Where we can find evidence of each philosophy

A potential strength and weakness of each philosophical view.

- Humanism

- Skepticism

- Utilitarianism/Hedonism – Principle of Utility (Similar to Consequentialism)

- Stoicism

- Immanuel Kant and the Categorical Imperative (Similar to Deontology


3/8 Project Update: The directions for our 3rd quarter group project are in our files section called "Ethics Project."  We will be working on the project for about the next week and half.  The project will be due on Monday, March 25.



3/6 Class Work Update: The notes we will be using for class are found in a file called Ethical Theories Notes.  Using the notes on ethical theories, answer the four questions about the theories of B) Skepticism, C) Utilitarianism, D) Stoicism, and E) Immanuel Kant's Categorical Imperative.  Overall you should have 16 total answers.  This assignment will be due on the following days:

D Period - Monday, March 10;      G Period - Friday,  March 8

1) How would this philosophical world view look today - meaning what lifestyle might a person have with this view?

2) Where do you see evidence of people having this perspective?

3) Give an example of an ethical problem a person could experience by following this philosophy?

4) What is an ethical issue or problem that this philosophy could help someone to deal with in a positive way?


3/5 Homework Update: Our next assignment called the "Trolley Dilemma" in our files section is due in class on Thursday, March 7.  Be ready to hand in the assignment on Thursday.


2/14 Class Update for D Period Philosophy of Life: For Mr. Leone's D Period Philosophy of Life class please complete the assignment in our files section called "Problem of Evil Article."  The assignment should be completed and handed in by tomorrow, Friday, February 15.  Remember that our quiz is tomorrow and below you can find the outline to help you study.


2/11 Update: For Mr. Leone's F Period Philosophy of Life class please complete the assignment in our files section called "Problem of Evil Article."  The assignment should be completed and handed in by Friday, February 15.


2/8 Update

Philosophy Quiz 1 Outline: The quiz be taken on Friday, February 15)

 Philosophy - 

What philosophy is and why it is important to study Objectivism and Subjectivism 

- Definition of both positions

 - Implications of how following one of the theories could affect a person's views on love and beauty   Love - Plato's understanding of love - Montaigne's understanding of love - CS Lewis' 4 different kinds of love

 Epistemology - the study of knowledge and how we come to know information. - 

Empiricism - Pragmatism - Rationalism 

Deductive reasoning - how this method help us to acquire knowledge 

- Different views on Knowledge and Ignorance 

- Voltaire's story of the Brahman


Welcome to Philosophy of Life with Mr. Leone

1/24 Update: Our first homework assignment for class called "Personal Philosophy Profile" can be found in the files section on our class page.  The assignment will be due in class next week on Thursday, January 31.  The assignment needs to handed in and NOT emailed.



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