School Library: The Crucible

Ms. Friedman's The Crucible Presentations


When you're browsing for books in the library, here are some good sections to check out.  Remember: you can always use the library catalog to search for a specific topic, and the reference section on the balcony is a great place to get information for a paper.

- 973.9: American History during the McCarthy era
- 973.2: American History during Colonial times
- Biographies (all the way at the far West end of the library)
- 285: Puritanism
- 133.4: The Salem Witch Trials

Also, we now have ebooks for you to read online!  Just click the link to start reading.  Only one person at a time can have each book, just like a paper copy.  Please remember to hit the "close book" button when you're finished so the next person can have a turn!

Salem Witch Trials: A Reference Guide by K. David Goss

Salem Witch Judge: The Life and Repentance of Samuel Sewall by Eve LaPlante (Most of the words in this book are Sewall's actual words, so it's a very interesting first person look at the period.)


Salem Witch Trials:

Salem Witch Trials Documentary Archive
A great collection of primary source material from the Salem witch trials, including maps, court records, personal letters, tons of pictures, and more.  They also have information on contemporary books written about the trials and the people involved in them.

Archiving Early America
Archiving Early America is a huge collection of primary source materials and articles about them.  For instance, one of the things you can find by searching for "Salem witch trials" is a scan of the death warrant for Martha Carey, signed by Cotton Mather and addressed to George Corwin.  There’s also an accompanying article that talks about how the death warrant was found and how it was tested and verified to be real.

National Geographic: Interactive Salem Witch Hunt
This website may not be as inormation-rich is some of the other sources here, but it is certainly a neat experience.  National Geographic has developed a website that viewers can click through and experience the steps in being accused of, tried, found guilty of, and punished for wichcraft.  It's a spooky website, with a great informational prologue and epilogue and a solid bibliography (mostly print sources, but still worth looking at).

Salem Witch Museum: Tour
The Salem Witch Museum has, as you might expect, some information about the witch trials.  Most of it isn't eally new or comprehensive, but their clickable map of the Salem area is a fantastic resource.  Each major spot on the map has a summary about the place and notes about its place in Salem history.

Salem, Massachusetts: The City Guide
Again, this website doesn't have a huge amount of information, but it does have some cool things that other websites lack.  It has great information about the places in and around Salem that were a part of the witch trials, and they have a lot of great photographs and illustrations of what those places looked like then and now.

Witches, Warlocks, and the Salem Witch Trials

This resource is perhaps unexpected - since it is a commercial site, but it is chock full of information and quality articles from very reputable resources. Thanks to Mrs. Barnes for the lead! 


The War Within
This website from U.C. Irvine in California is a collection of resources about dissent during different periods in U.S. history (the Vietnam War, WWII, the internment of Japanese Americans), and one of the periods they focus on is McCarthyism during the Cold War.  They have an exhibit you can click through with lots of different images and background.

Red Scare
Red Scare is a part of one of CUNY’s libraries.  It’s a huge (really, there are thousands of images) collection of political cartoons from the Cold War era.  They can arranged chronologically or by topic, and you can search through them.  They may be cartoons, but they’re a great way to get a sense of the panic of the time period.

California Loyalty Oath Digital Collection
The loyalty oath crisis at the University of California was one of the biggest issues during the McCarthy era.  This website takes a comprehensive look at what happened, with a detailed timeline and a searchable database of huge volumes of information on every aspect of the crisis: reports, biographies, transcripts, and more.

The American 1950s
Though this website is generally about the 1950’s, not specifically Hollywood blacklisting or McCarthyism, there are a lot of great articles here about both topics.

Puritanism and the Puritans:

U.S. is actually an online textbook, written by historians and history professors from all over the country.  The chapter on life in the New England colonies has sections about the Salem Witch Trials and Puritan Life.  Make sure that when you’re looking through the website you don’t forget the blue boxes in the righthand column; they’re links to other great resources.

Arthur Miller:

Why I Wrote The Crucible
Exactly what it sounds like, this article originally appeared in The New Yorker in 1996.

National Endowment for the Humanities:  Arthur Miller
In 2001, Arthur Miller was honored by the NEH and asked to give the Jefferson Lecture at the Kennedy Center.  This website contains a fairly long introductory biography of Miller, excerpts from several of his works, a comprehensive bibliography, an interview with Miller, and the text of his Jefferson Lecture.  There aren’t a lot of dates and places here, but it’s a great website to get better acquainted with Miller’s thinking and ideas.

American Masters: Arthur Miller
Another short biography, but this one comes with a nice detailed timeline of Miller’s career.  More importantly, this website has a page about Miller’s reaction McCarthyism, his relationship with Elia Kazan, and more pertinent information.  Don’t skip out on the lesson plan page; it has some of the best information.

Arthur Miller Society
The Arthur Miller Society has a nice detailed biography, a timeline, and a complete list of all of Miller's works.  Each of those works gets a summary, links to some critical interpretations, and other commentary.  There's also a great list of links for further reading on Miller.

Hollywood Blacklisting / Elia Kazan / The Hollywood 10:

American Masters: Elia Kazan
This website is from the same episode of the American Masters TV show about the relationship between Arthur Miller and Elia Kazan.  This section has a detailed biography of Kazan, a timeline of his career, and, like the Miller website, a lesson about Kazan and Miller’s falling out after the blacklisting and Kazan’s "naming names."  You do have to click through the lesson to find the links, but it is worth doing.

The Hollywood Ten
From U.C. Berkeley, this website has background information on each of the Hollywood Ten (major films, links to other websites about each person, etc.).  It also has a great bibliography of both print and internet sources for more background information on the Hollywood Ten and blacklisting.

50 Years: SAG Remembers the Blacklist
From a 1998 issue of Screen Actor (the Screen Actor’s Guild magazine), this lengthy collection of articles gives a really in-depth look at blacklisting, including some first person accounts of people involved.  It’s definitely a lot of reading, but well worth checking out.

The American 1950s
Though this website is generally about the 1950’s, not specifically Hollywood blacklisting or McCarthyism, there are a lot of great articles here about both topics.

The Red Scare: A Filmography
This is basically just a very long list of films that discussed communism, were anti-communist, were anti-HUAC, and other related films.  Most interesting is a list of films that were (or were interpreted to be) pro-communist/socialist/anti-American and may have led to the blacklisting of their directors and others involved with the films.  Each film is listed with its release date and a brief note about its contents.

For modern and historical witch hunts, remember that you'll need to use the databases once you decide on your topic.  The best place to start will be with Infotrac - click on U.S. History in Context.  Modern witch hunts will probably want to use Opposing Viewpoints as well.