School Library: APA Citations

Try NoodleTools, our new bibliography manager!  NoodleTools walks you through the process of doing citations, creates your Works Cited page, and helps you write outlines and notecards.  See Ms. Wolpert in the library for login information.



Click here to download Ms. Wolpert's handy citation presentation.

APA Citation Style

  • The reference list page is on a separate sheet of paper at the end of the document.
  • Arrange the items alphabetically by author or by title if there is no author.
  • Use only the initials of the author’s first (and middle) name.
  • For edited books, place the editors’ names in the author position and enclose the abbreviated Ed. or EDs. in parentheses after the last editor’s name.  
  • Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces.
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle that are part of a title.
  • Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work.
  • Titles are italicized.
  • Websites: if the date the page was created is not given, use (n.d.).

Below are some examples of the most common types of sources. For specific information see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or visit the official website

Book with one author

Format:    Author, A.A. (Published date). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Article in a reference book or an entry in an encyclopedia
If the article is signed, include the author's name; if unsigned, begin with the title of the article.

Format:    Author, A.A. (Published date). Title of the article (Volume number, page number). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Journal or Magazine Article:

Journals that start each issue with page one

Format:    Author, A.A. (Published date). Title of the article.  Title of work, volume number (issue           number), page number.

Journal or Magazine Article where the page numbering continues from issue to issue

Format:      Author, A.A. (Published date). Title of the article.  Title of work, volume number, page number.

Article from a database

Provide the same information as you would for a printed journal article and add a retrieval statement that gives the date of retrieval and the name of the database.

Format:    Author, A.A. & Author, B.B.  (Published date). Title of the article.  Title of work, volume number, page number. Retrieved month, day, year, from source.


Citing a website can be difficult because not all citation information is always given. Use as much information as you can find.

Format:   Author, A.A.  (Published date).  Title or name of webpage. Retrieved month, day, year, from http://web address.